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    IMPORTANT - Syriza: dernières nouvelles du comité central

    Grèce international

    Brève publiée le 25 mai 2015

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    Les brèves publiées dans cette rubrique « Informations et analyses » le sont à titre d'information et n'engagent pas la Tendance CLAIRE.

    Tsipras ne bénéfice plus que d'une courte majorité au comité central de Syriza. Il fait croire qu'un "compromis honorable" peut être trouvé avec la Troika, et il n'envisage aucun scénario alternatif et le gouvernement continue à marteler que toute rupture avec l'UE serait une "catastrophe", contribuant à désarmer le peuple grec face à la Troika. Tsipras met des conditions minimales et floues à ce "compromis honorable": dégager un surplus primaire "bas", "renégocier" la dette, pas de coupes supplémentaires sur les salaires et les pensions, un plan d'investissement public européen. Autrement dit, Tsipras accepte de mettre à la poubelle ses promesses électorales, et laisse la porte ouverte à de nouvelles agressions contre le peuple grec puisque ses lignes jaunes sont du flanc. Le ministre grec de l'économie (Stathakis) indique d'ailleurs qu'un accord est proche et qu'il n'a pas de plan B...

    http://www.lemonde.fr/economie/article/2015/05/25/la-grece-veut-rester-dans-la-zone-euro-mais-en-changer-la-politique-economique_4639754_3234.html

    La gauche de Syriza a regroupé 44% au comité central sur une proposition de résolution qu'on peut lire ici en anglais (on pourra lire également un billet de Kouvelakis plus bas) :

    https://greekanalyst.wordpress.com/2015/05/24/syrizas-left-platform-call-not-to-pay-next-imf-tranche/

    Cette résolution appelle à la mise en place immédiate d'un plan de rupture avec la Troïka qui consisterait à arrêter les paiements des échéances de la dette (la prochaine échéance est prévue le 5 juin), à nationaliser les banques, à taxer le capital, et à mettre en place les promesses de campagne (même si la résolution ne dit rien de précis sur un certain nombre d'entre elles).

    Cette résolution est une riposte à la capitulation de Tsipras. A juste titre, elle propose un plan alternatif. Mais elle n'est pas crédible et se situe sur le terrain du keynésianisme. Un plan crédible de rupture avec l'austérité et la Troika doit indiquer clairement que la Banque centrale grecque doit être réquisitionnée sur le champ, ce qui implique une rupture immédiate avec l'UE et l'euro. Une nouvelle monnaie inconvertible doit être créée. Les marchés financiers doivent être fermés. Et les principaux moyens de production (pas seulement le secteur bancaire) doivent être nationalisés. Il faut populariser un réel plan alternatif et appeler les travailleurs à se mobiliser pour imposer sa mise en place et à s'auto-organiser.

    A noter que la "fraction communiste" de Syriza (très minoritaire dans Syriza et lié à la Tendance marxiste internationale) a proposé une résolution exigeant l'application immédiate de tous les engagements électoraux de Syriza en utilisant "tous les moyens nécessaires contre le grand capital" :

    https://greekanalyst.wordpress.com/2015/05/20/syrizas-communist-faction-call-for-rupture/

    Oui... mais il faut dire clairement que cela implique la rupture immédiate avec l'UE et la réquisition de la Banque centrale grecque, ce que refuse de dire la "fraction communiste" de Syriza.

    -----------------------

    Point de vue de Kouvelakis

    https://www.facebook.com/stathis.kouvelakis/posts/10153248291590470:0

    SYRIZA’S CENTRAL COMMITTEE SESSION THIS WEEK-END
    44% IN FAVOR OF THE TEXT OF THE LEFT PLATFORM CALLING FOR A RUPTURE IN THE NEGOCIATIONS AND FOR AN ALTERNATIVE PLAN

    At the central committee session which ended a few hours ago, the Left Platform submitted the following text, which got 75 votes, with 95 against and one blank vote. The text calls for a break with the lenders starting with a default on the payment of the debt. 
    In the text adopted by the majority of the central committee, four conditions of an ‘acceptable compromise” are listed:
    - Low primary budgetary surpluses
    - No further cuts to wages and pensions
    - Restructuring the debt
    - A significant package for public investment, particularly in infrastructures and new technologies.
    To these the text adds the “indispensable reinstatement of collective conventions and the gradual rise of the minimum wage to 751 euros [its 2009 level]” and stipulates that “any changes in fiscal policy should promote social justice by alleviating the burden of those who are economically disadvantaged and forcing the well-off and tax-escapers at last to pay”. 
    In his opening report, Alexis Tsipras adopted a firm tone but avoided any precise reference to the current state of the negotiations and what was the basis of discussion of a possible agreement, referring only to the four conditions mentioned above, which do not clarify most of the points of disagreement. The session was also marked by the intervention of the president of Parliament Zoe Kostantopoulou, who supported openly a one-year suspension in the payment on the debt, on the basis of the first conclusions of the Committee for the Auditing of the Debt which are expected to come out in the next few days. She also rejected the very controversial appointment of Lambis Tagmatarchis as the new director of the reconstituted public broadcasting company ERT. Tagmatarchis is a person very linked to the media establishment and has already served as the director of ERT under the PASOK government of George Papandreou.
    The full text of the Left Platform
    It has become now clear that the “institutions“ are not striving for what some are calling an „honourable compromise”. An “honourable compromise” cannot exist anyway by means of privatizations and new burdens on the popular classes, and it certainly cannot exist without a real end to austerity, without a restructuring of (the biggest part of) the debt and without adequate provision of liquidity for the revitalization of the economy. 
    What the ruling circles of the EU, the ECB and the IMF are ruthlessly and consistently aiming for in the last for months, is to strangle the economy, to milk even the last euro from the country´s reserves and to push an “unprotected” government to full submission and exemplary humiliation. 
    This tactic of the EU partners was also on display at the Riga summit.
    The government has no other option but to proceed to a counterattack with an alternative plan that is based on SYRIZA’s pre-electoral pledges and the government’s programmatic announcements. 
    The following measures must immediately be implemented:
    - The immediate nationalization of the banks with all necessary accompanying measures to insure their function along transparent, productive, developmental and social criteria.

    - The establishment of democratic legality and transparency upon the dominant media, along with the substantial control of their lending obligations.

    - The immediate termination of every grid protecting the country’s scandal-immersed oligarchy.

    - The suspension of privilege, privileging adjustments and immunity for big economic interests.

    - The substantial taxation of wealth and large properties, as well as the taxation of top earners and of high corporate profitability.

    - The immediate and full reintroduction, as well as safeguarding and practical implementation of labour legislation and rights to trade union organization. 
    The government has to counter decisively the propaganda of the ruling circles that terrorizes the people with the scenario of full disaster that the suspension of debt servicing and of an eventual exit from the Eurozone will allegedly bring upon the country.
    The greatest disaster facing the country is the imposition of a new memorandum in one form or another and the extension of the implementation of past memoranda. 
    This development must be avoided by any means and sacrifice necessary.
    Any alternative solution for a progressive policy against the Memoranda, includes first and foremost the suspension of servicing the debt. Notwithstanding all the difficulties entailed, it is much more preferable to any other option for it offers the country hope and prospects.
    If the “institutions” continue with their policy of blackmail in the following days, the government has a duty to clearly state from this moment on that it will not “strip” the Greek people by robbing them of their savings, that it will not proceed to the next IMF payment, and that it intends to put forward alternative solutions for the country’s course, on the economic, social, political and strategic levels that will safeguard the implementation of its program. 
    Athens, May 24 2015